What is Cheliac

In many platforms, we encounter expressions such as gluten free diet, gluten free bread and gluten free flour. In fact, this is not a slimming diet. It is a mandatory diet for celiac patients. Celiac disease is a digestive disorder where the body reacts to the gluten protein group found in wheat, barley and rye by inflammation of the small intestine, and its only treatment is a life-long “zero gluten free” diet.
It is estimated that he has more celiac patients than he can be diagnosed because he has a lot of symptoms.

Symptoms of Celiac Disease
The first and obvious feelings can often be mild symptoms such as neglected bloating, abdominal cramps, and fatigue. However, there are much more serious developments in the body. When a celiac patient consumes gluten, the body initiates an immune response to protein, creating antibodies that only target gluten proteins. While these antibodies try to destroy gluten, they damage the structures called "villi", which cover the walls of the small intestine and have the role of nutrient absorption. Therefore, the body's ability to absorb nutrients gradually decreases. This leads to chronic fatigue, which is one of the most important symptoms.

Other common symptoms are diarrhea, bloating, flatulence, weight loss, anemia, constipation, depression, itchy skin rash, bone or joint pain, infertility, and blackening of consciousness. As seen, some symptoms are not related to digestive disorders.

Diagnosis and Treatment Options
The diagnostic process of the disease is a blood test that will question the presence of antibodies that the body produces to destroy gluten. It is very important that first-degree relatives of children over 3 years old, adults with celiac disease symptoms and people with celiac disease have this test done. The first test is the ttg-iga test. This test is used to detect the presence of celiac disease and to check the adequacy of gluten diets. If the blood test is positive, a celiac disease is diagnosed, and a gut biopsy may be recommended to detect damage to the villi in the small intestine. What is mandatory is a gluten-free diet that will last a lifetime.